Using a Writing Strategy to Help Middle School Students Solve Complex Word Problems

7 Writing Strategy To Tackle Complex Word Problems For Middle School Students | Future Education Magazine


Word problems are a common source of frustration for many middle school students. These mathematical challenges often involve more than just numbers; they require students to decipher complex situations, extract relevant information, and formulate a mathematical solution. To tackle these multifaceted problems effectively, educators can employ a writing strategy that encourages students to break down word problems into manageable steps, thus enhancing their problem-solving skills and overall mathematical proficiency. In this article, we will explore the importance of using a writing strategy to help middle school students conquer complex word problems.

The Challenge of Complex Word Problems

Complex word problems can be particularly daunting for middle school students for several reasons:

  • Interpretation: Word problems require students to interpret written scenarios and translate them into mathematical expressions or equations. This interpretation step can be challenging, as students must identify the essential information and distinguish it from irrelevant details.
7 Writing Strategy To Tackle Complex Word Problems For Middle School Students | Future Education Magazine
  • Multistep Nature: Many complex word problems involve multiple steps to arrive at a solution. Students need to break down the problem into smaller, manageable components and solve each part sequentially.
  • Real-World Context: Word problems often present mathematical challenges within a real-world context, which may involve unfamiliar vocabulary or situations. This can add an extra layer of complexity for students.
  • Mathematical Reasoning: Solving word problems demands critical thinking and mathematical reasoning. Students must apply mathematical concepts and operations to solve problems effectively.

7 Writing Strategy to Tackle Complex Word Problems

A writing strategy can be a powerful tool to help middle school students overcome the challenges posed by complex word problems. By breaking the problem into discrete steps, students can more easily identify relevant information, apply mathematical operations, and communicate their thought processes. Here’s how to implement a writing strategy effectively:

1. Read and Understand the Problem

The first step in solving a complex word problem is to read and understand it carefully. Encourage students to read the problem multiple times, underlining or highlighting essential information and circling any key terms or phrases. It’s crucial to ensure that students grasp the context and the specific question being asked.

2. Restate the Problem

Once the problem is understood, have students restate it in their own words. This helps them internalize the problem’s requirements and ensures they can articulate it clearly. Restating the problem can also reveal any misconceptions or misunderstandings.

3. Identify Knowns and Unknowns

In this step, students should identify what they know (the given information) and what they need to find (the unknown). This helps them organize their thoughts and plan their approach to the problem.

4. Create a Plan

Ask students to outline a plan for solving the problem. This may involve identifying relevant formulas, deciding on the sequence of operations, or visualizing the problem. Encourage students to write out their plan explicitly, which can serve as a roadmap for their solution.

5. Solve the Problem Step by Step

Guide students to solve the problem systematically. Break the problem down into smaller steps, and encourage students to show their work and calculations clearly. Ensure they label their answers appropriately and use mathematical notation correctly.

6. Explain Their Solution

Once students have solved the problem, have them explain their solution in writing. This step is critical for reinforcing their understanding of the problem and the solution process. It also helps educators identify any misconceptions or errors.

7. Review and Reflect

Encourage students to review their solution, ensuring that it answers the original question. Additionally, ask them to reflect on the problem-solving process: Did the plan work? Were there any challenges? What have they learned from this problem?

Also Read: How to Keep Students Writing in the Age of AI Tools?

Benefits of Using a Writing Strategy

Using a writing strategy to tackle complex word problems offers numerous benefits to middle school students:

  • Improved Comprehension: Restating the problem and explaining the solution in writing helps students better understand the problem’s context and requirements.
7 Writing Strategy To Tackle Complex Word Problems For Middle School Students | Future Education Magazine
  • Enhanced Organization: Writing out a plan and solving the problem step by step helps students organize their thoughts and solutions logically.
  • Clarified Thinking: Writing encourages students to think critically and articulate their thought process, making their approach more explicit.
  • Error Identification: When students write out their solutions, errors and misconceptions become more apparent, allowing for correction and learning.
  • Improved Communication: The ability to express mathematical thinking in writing enhances students’ communication skills, which are valuable both in and out of the classroom.
  • Long-Term Retention: The act of writing reinforces learning and contributes to the long-term retention of mathematical concepts and problem-solving strategies.

Tips for Implementing a Writing Strategy

To make the most of a writing strategy for solving complex word problems, consider the following tips:

  • Start with Simple Problems: Begin with straightforward word problems to introduce the writing strategy. Gradually increase the complexity of the problems as students become more proficient.
  • Provide Guidance: Offer clear instructions and guidance on how to use the writing strategy. Model the process for students, demonstrating how to break down a problem and write out a solution.
7 Writing Strategy To Tackle Complex Word Problems For Middle School Students | Future Education Magazine
  • Encourage Peer Review: Incorporate peer review into the process. Students can evaluate and provide feedback on each other’s solutions, promoting collaborative learning.
  • Use Real-World Examples: Incorporate word problems that relate to real-life situations, as they can be more engaging and relatable for students.
  • Promote Critical Thinking: Encourage students to ask questions, analyze the problem and consider alternative approaches. Critical thinking is a valuable skill in problem-solving.
  • Emphasize Communication: Stress the importance of clear and effective communication in writing out solutions. Students should aim to make their solutions easy to follow and understand.


Complex word problems present a significant challenge for middle school students, but a writing strategy can empower them to tackle these challenges effectively. By breaking down word problems into manageable steps, students can better understand the problem, identify relevant information, organize their thoughts, and communicate their solutions clearly. This approach not only improves their mathematical skills but also enhances their critical thinking, problem-solving abilities, and written communication. Incorporating a writing strategy into the classroom equips students with a valuable tool that extends beyond math, fostering skills that are essential for success in various academic and real-world situations.

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